LTSS (Long Term Services and Supports)
““Long-term services and supports” encompasses the broad range of paid and unpaid medical and personal care assistance that people of any age may need – for several weeks, months, or years – when they experience difficulty completing self-care tasks as a result of aging, chronic illness, or disability.”
Over the past few decades, the movement in this arena has moved away from institutional care (i.e.nursing homes,skilled nursing facilities, assisted living and intermediate care facilities etc.) as the regular site for delivery of those support services, and toward home and community based services(HCBS).
“Long-term services and supports provide assistance with activities of daily living ADL’s (such as eating, bathing, and dressing) and instrumental activities of daily living IADL’s (such as preparing meals, managing medication, and housekeeping). Long-term services and supports include, but are not limited to, nursing facility care, adult daycare programs, home health aide services, personal care services,transportation, and supported employment as well as assistance provided by a family caregiver.”
Medicaid and Long-Term Services and Supports: A Primer. Erica L. Reaves and MaryBeth Musumeci, Kaiser Family Foundation, Published: Dec 15, 2015